Congressman Note to Self: Rep. John Lewis 06:25
In 1961, Lewis was just 21 years old when he joined the Freedom Riders who rode public transportation to Alabama in an effort to integrate bus travel. Lewis was beaten and arrested multiple times due to his activism. He was elected as chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in 1963, and was a friend of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Two years later, Lewis was the youngest speaker at the 1963 March on Washington. He also was a leader of the march in Selma, Alabama, across the Edmund Pettus Bridge on March 7, 1965, that became known as "Bloody Sunday" as police beat the marchers. Lewis' skull was fractured.
"The vision of State Troopers with their clubs raised, their gas masks on, teargas, John Lewis being beaten – those scenes were etched in America's memory," retired CBS News journalist Bill Plante told "60 Minutes" Overtime on the 50th anniversary of Bloody Sunday. Plante was on the ground reporting in Selma. "And then when the call went out for people to come down and join in another march, people did. People of all races and creeds."
Two weeks later, with troops protecting the route, a crowd of thousands led by King marched across the bridge. The events of "Bloody Sunday" helped lead Congress to pass the Voting Rights Act, and President Johnson signed it into law on August 6, 1965.
Lewis spoke in June to CBS News about his activism in the 1960s.
"Yes, I was beaten, left bloody and unconscious. But I never became bitter or hostile, never gave up. I believe that somehow and some way if it becomes necessary to use our bodies to help redeem the soul of a nation, then we must do it," Lewis said.
Lewis spoke about the importance of the Selma march in a 2015 interview with USA Today ahead of the 50th anniversary of the event.
"I'm convinced beyond the shadow of a doubt, if it hadn't been for Selma, there would be no Barack Obama as president," Lewis said.
Mr. Obama, speaking after Lewis on the 50th anniversary, praised him and the original marchers as "warriors of justice" who pushed America closer to a more perfect union.
"So much of our turbulent history — the stain of slavery and anguish of civil war, the yoke of segregation and tyranny of Jim Crow, the death of four little girls in Birmingham, and the dream of a Baptist preacher — met on this bridge," Mr. Obama told the crowd. "It was not a clash of armies, but a clash of wills; a contest to determine the meaning of America."
Lewis first entered elected politics in 1981, when he was elected to the Atlanta City Council. He was first elected to Congress in 1986, representing Georgia's 5th Congressional district, which includes the Martin Luther King Jr. National Park and the Ebenezer Baptist Church, the church where King served as pastor.
Lewis was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Mr. Obama in 2011. He wrote a graphic novel, "March," about his life and the civil rights movement in 2013. Its sequel, "Run," was published in 2018. He was also the subject of a documentary called "Good Trouble," which was released in June.
Lewis was married to his wife, Lillian, for nearly 50 years before her death in 2012. Together they had one son, John-Miles.